Essential Oils were initially produced in Egypt, as early as 3,500 BC. They were used extensivelly for aromatherapy in religion, as well as for medicinal purposes. They were followed bu the Chinese and Indians, who used essential oils for armoatherapy massage as a treatment and promoted them for health and the power of their fragrance. Since the late 1970 and early 1980's the use of essential oil has become a major part of alternative and holistic health systems, and has a huge beneficial usage across the world.
Today the use of essential oils has expanded into wider applications. Not only well known for their health benefits, they also make an important contribution in the flavor and fragrance areas. Essential oils also play significant roles in cosmetics, perfumery, aromatherapy, personal care, and to a lesser extent, in household, cleaning agents and toiletries.
Indonesia, as one of the world’s largest producers of essential oils, has long been producing key essential oils for the world market. Some of the better known include: citronella, nutmeg, ginger, and ylang ylang. More recently as numerous boÂtanical plants native to Indonesia have been studied and their functional properties been better appreciated, more essential oils have been introduced andhave started to be widely used. Amongst them are: patchouli, kaffir lime, sandalwood, cajuput, cananga, clove bud, and galangal.